Cooperative Distributed Controls on Cyber-Psychical Energy System

Dr. Mo-Yuen Chow, Dr. Ziang Zhang 

Compared with the conventional centralized control, distributed control can prevent single point of failure and ease heavy data exchange demand among controllers, thus distributed control are more suitable for large-scale systems. This project investigates the design and control of next generation power systems. The objective of this project is to design and implement distributed controls to achieve real-time intelligent power allocation in FREEDM systems. A prototype of a control algorithm to be used in FREEDM systems is shown in the diagram. A communication and control network will be integrated into the power grid. To balance the supply and demand of the power grid under different constraints, the distributed consensus managers which have been built on top of the physical system will optimize their actions based on the available power generation capacities.

Graph theory has been used to model the FREEDM network. Laplacian matrix and Row-Stochastic matrix are used to represent the topology of the FREEDM network configuration. Consensus algorithms have been used to decentralize and solve the economic dispatch problem. Adaptive sampling strategies and distributed bandwidth allocation algorithms to handle bandwidth limitation. Further issue such as synchronizability of networks, sensitivity of time-delay, robustness, resilience to power grid and communication network outages will be considered in this project.